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Biochemical and biophysical research communications

Characterization of cysteine residues of glutathione S-transferase P: evidence for steric hindrance of substrate binding by a bulky adduct to cysteine 47.


PMID 1417864

Abstract

Glutathione S-transferase P (GST-P) lost the enzymatic activity by 7-fluoro-4-sulfamoyl-2, 1, 3-benzodiazole (ABD-F), a thiol-group chemical modifier, but did not by methylmethanethiol-sulfonate. Both ABD-F and methylmethanethiolsulfonate reacted with Cys47 and Cys101. These two cysteine residues were site-directedly mutated with serine residues. Only the Cys101Ser lost the enzymatic activity by the treatment of ABD-F. On carbon 13 NMR experiments, a NMR signal of S-[13C]CH3 adduct to Cys47 did not show any change by the addition of S-hexylglutathione. These facts revealed that Cys47 did not locate at the active site, and a bulky adduct to Cys47 hindered the binding of substrates to the active site.

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F3639
4-Fluoro-7-sulfamoylbenzofurazan
C6H4FN3O3S