Biochemical pharmacology

Alterations in ATP-dependent calcium uptake by rat renal cortex microsomes following ochratoxin A administration in vivo or addition in vitro.

PMID 1417961


A disruption of calcium homeostasis, leading to a sustained increase in cytosolic calcium levels, has been associated with cytotoxicity in response to a variety of agents in different cell types. We have observed that administration of a single high dose or multiple lower doses of the carcinogenic nephrotoxin ochratoxin A (OTA) to rats resulted in an increase of the renal cortex endoplasmic reticulum ATP-dependent calcium pump activity. The increase was very rapid, being evident within 10 min of OTA administration and remained elevated for at least 6 hr thereafter. The increase in calcium pump activity was inconsistent with previous observations that OTA enhances lipid peroxidation (ethane exhalation) in vivo, a condition known to inhibit the calcium pump. However, no evidence of enhanced lipid peroxidation was observed in the renal cortex since levels of malondialdehyde and a variety of antioxidant enzymes including catalase, DT-diaphorase, superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase, glutathione reductase and glutathione S-transferase were either unaltered or reduced. In in vitro studies, addition of OTA to cortex microsomes during calcium uptake inhibited the uptake process although the effect was reversible. Preincubation of microsomes with NADPH had a profound inhibitory effect on calcium uptake but inclusion of OTA was able to reverse the inhibition. Changes in the rates of microsomal calcium uptake correlated with changes in the steady-state levels of the phosphorylated Mg2+/Ca(2+)-ATPase intermediate, suggesting that in vivo/in vitro conditions were affecting the rate of enzyme phosphorylation.

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Ochratoxin A, from Petromyces albertensis, ≥98% (HPLC)