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Biochemical and biophysical research communications

Inhalant nitrite exposure alters mouse hepatic angiogenic gene expression.


PMID 14521929

Abstract

Inhalant nitrites are drugs of abuse that have been shown to enhance tumor growth rate in mice and are epidemiologically linked to an increased risk of Kaposi's sarcoma. Because nitrites produce nitric oxide, we hypothesized that their toxicological effects might be partly mediated via regulation of angiogenic factors such as vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). Preliminary studies showed that isobutyl nitrite (ISBN) incubation stimulated VEGF protein expression in J774 macrophage cells. C57BL/6 mice exposed to ISBN in air exhibited significant up-regulation of VEGF protein and mRNA in the liver, but not in the lung. Liver mRNA expression of VEGF receptor 2 (VEGFR-2), VEGFR-3, Smad5, and Smad7 was also significantly altered. These results demonstrate that in vivo exposure to an inhalant nitrite results in altered tissue expression of VEGF and its receptors, suggesting that some of its toxicological effects may be mediated partly through a mechanism involving angiogenesis.

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327190
Isobutyl nitrite, 95%
C4H9NO2