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Applied microbiology and biotechnology

Biotransformation of glucose to 5-keto-D-gluconic acid by recombinant Gluconobacter oxydans DSM 2343.


PMID 14564486

Abstract

For the conversion of glucose to 5-keto-D-gluconate (5-KGA), a precursor of the industrially important L-(+)-tartaric acid, Gluconobacter strains were genetically engineered. In order to increase 5-KGA formation, a plasmid-encoded copy of the gene encoding the gluconate:NADP-5 oxidoreductase (gno) was overexpressed in G. oxydans strain DSM 2434. This enzyme is involved in the nonphosphorylative ketogenic oxidation of glucose and oxidizes gluconate to 5-KGA. As the 5-KGA reductase activity depends on the cofactor NADP+, the sthA gene (encoding Escherichia coli transhydrogenase) was cloned and overexpressed in the GNO-overproducing G. oxydans strain. Growth of the sthA-carrying strains was indistinguishable from the G. oxydans wild-type strain and therefore they were chosen for the coupled overexpression of sthA and gno. G. oxydans strain DSM 2343/pRS201-gno-sthA overproducing both enzymes showed an enhanced accumulation of 5-KGA.

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K4125
5-Keto-D-gluconic acid potassium salt, ≥98.0%
C6H9KO7