Nucleosides, nucleotides & nucleic acids

A new synthesis of 9-(2-deoxy-2-fluoro-beta-D-arabinofuranosyl)guanine (AraF-G).

PMID 14565413


Interesting and very promising antisense properties of 2'-deoxy-2'-fluoroarabinonucleic acids ((a) Wilds, C.J.; Damha, M.J. 2'-Deoxy-2'-fluoroarabinonucleosides and oligonucleotides (2'F-ANA): synthesis and physicochemical studies. Nucl. Acids Res. 2000, 28, 3625-3635; (b) Viazovkina, E.; Mangos, M.; Elzagheid, M.I.; Damha, M.J. Current Protocols in Nucleic Acid Chemistry 2002, 4.15.1-4.15.21) (2'F-ANA) has encouraged our research group to optimize the synthetic procedures for 2'-deoxy-2'-fluoro-beta-D-arabinonucleosides (araF-N). The synthesis of araF-U, araF-T, araF-A and araF-C is straightforward, (Tann, C.H.; Brodfuehrer, P.R.; Brundidge, S.P.; Sapino, C., Jr. Howell H.G. Fluorocarbohydrates in synthesis. An efficient synthesis of 1-(2-deoxy-2-fluoro-beta-D-arabinofuranosyl)-5-iodouracil (beta-FIAU) and 1-(2-deoxy-2-fluoro-beta-D-arabinofuranosyl)thymine (beta-FMAU). J. Org. Chem. 1985, 50, 3644-3647; Howell, H.G.; Brodfuehrer, P.R.; Brundidge, S.P.; Benigni, D.A.; Sapino, C., Jr. Antiviral nucleosides. A stereospecific, total synthesis of 2'-fluoro-2'-deoxy-beta-D-arabinofuranosyl nucleosides. J. Org. Chem. 1988, 53, 85-88; Maruyama, T.; Takamatsu, S.; Kozai, S.; Satoh, Y.; Izana, K. Synthesis of 9-(2-deoxy-2-fluoro-beta-D-arabinofuranosyl)adenine bearing a selectively removable protecting group. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 1999, 47, 966-970) however, the synthesis of the guanine analogue is more complicated and affords poor to moderate yields of araF-G (4) ((a) Elzagheid, M.I.; Viazovkina, E.; Masad, M.J. Synthesis of protected 2'-deoxy-2'-fluoro-beta-D-arabinonucleosides. Synthesis of 2'-fluoroarabino nucleoside phosphoramidites and their use in the synthesis of 2'F-ANA. Current Protocols in Nucleic Acid Chemistry 2002, 1.7.1-1.7.19; (b) Tennila, T.; Azhayeva, E.; Vepsalainen, J.; Laatikainen, R.; Azhayev, A.; Mikhailopulo, I. Oligonucleotides containing 9-(2-deoxy-2-fluoro-beta-D-arabinofuranosyl)-adenine and -guanine: synthesis, hybridization and antisense properties. Nucleosides, Nucleotides and Nucl. Acids 2000, 19, 1861-1884). Here we describe an efficient synthesis of araF-G (4) that involves coupling of 2-deoxy-2-fluoro-3,5-di-O-benzoyl-alpha-D-arabinofuranosyl bromide (1) with 2-chlorohypoxanthine (2) to afford 2-chloro-beta-araF-I (3) in 52% yield. Nucleoside (3) was transformed into araF-G (4) by treatment with methanolic ammonia (150 degrees C, 6 h) in 67% yield.

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α-D-Ribofuranose 1,3,5-tribenzoate, 97%