EMAIL THIS PAGE TO A FRIEND

Chemical research in toxicology

Development of QSARs for predicting the joint effects between cyanogenic toxicants and aldehydes.


PMID 14565777

Abstract

Quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) approaches are proposed in this study to predict the joint effects of mixture toxicity. The initial investigation studies the joint effects between cyanogenic toxicants and aldehydes to Photobacterium phosphoreum. Joint effects are found to result from the formation of a carbanion intermediate produced through the chemical interactions between cyanogenic toxicants and aldehydes. Further research indicates that the formation of carbanion intermediate is highly correlated with not only the charge of the carbon atom in the -CHO of aldehydes but also the charge of the carbon atom (C) in the carbochain of cyanogenic toxicants. The charge of the carbon atom in the -CHO of aldehydes is quantified by using the Hammett constant (sigma(p)), and then, sigma(p)-based QSAR models are proposed to describe the relationships between the joint effects and the chemical structures of the aldehydes. By using the charge of carbon atom (C) in the carbochain of cyanogenic toxicants, another QSAR model is proposed to describe the relationship between the joint effects and the chemical structures of cyanogenic toxicants.

Related Materials

Product #

Image

Description

Molecular Formula

Add to Cart

72910
4-Nitrobenzoic acid, purum, ≥98.0% (HPLC)
C7H5NO4
461091
4-Nitrobenzoic acid, 98%
C7H5NO4