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Cell death and differentiation

Negative regulatory effect of an oligodendrocytic bHLH factor OLIG2 on the astrocytic differentiation pathway.


PMID 14576772

Abstract

In the developing vertebrate nervous system, multipotent neural stem cells produce both neurons and glia. OLIG2 is a basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor that plays critical roles in oligodendrocyte and motor neuron development; however, its role in astrocytic development remains elusive. In this study, we analyzed an effect of OLIG2 on cytokine-induced astrocytic differentiation from mouse telencephalic neuroepithelial cells. We show that the presence of OLIG2 protein leads to inhibition of the promoter activation of astrocyte-specific glial fibrillary acidic protein gene. We found that OLIG2 abolishes complex formation between a transcriptional coactivator p300 and a transcription factor, signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3), which is activated by astrocytic differentiation-inducing cytokines, such as leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF). The enforced expression of OLIG2 in neuroepithelial cells inhibits the LIF-induced astrocytic differentiation. We also show that the OLIG2 protein in the nuclei of neural precursor cells disappears in accordance with astrocytic differentiation during culture with LIF. Together, these results reveal a novel molecular function of OLIG2 on the astrocyte development. Cell Death and Differentiation (2004) 11, 196-202. doi:10.1038/sj.cdd.4401332 Published online 24 October 2003