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The Tohoku journal of experimental medicine

Involvement of poly(ADP-ribose) synthetase in acoustic trauma of the cochlea.


PMID 14580150

Abstract

We investigated effects of poly(ADP-ribose) synthetase (PARS) inhibitors on acoustic trauma. Albino guinea pigs were intravenously given 3-aminobenzamide, nicotinamide or 3-aminobenzoic acid (an inactive analog of 3-aminobenzamide) just prior to exposure to a 2 kHz pure tone of 120 dB sound pressure level (SPL) for 10 minutes. The threshold of the compound action potential (CAP) and the amplitude of distortion-product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs) were measured before and 4 hours after the acoustic overexposure. Statistically significant decreases in the CAP threshold shifts and significant increases in the DPOAE amplitudes were observed 4 hours after the acoustic overexposure in the animals treated with 3-aminobenzamide or nicotinamide, whereas 3-aminobenzoic acid did not exert any protective effect. These results strongly suggest that excessive activation of PARS is involved in generation of the acoustic trauma.

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