EMAIL THIS PAGE TO A FRIEND

Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences

Optimized glucuronide hydrolysis for the detection of psilocin in human urine samples.


PMID 14581081

Abstract

In order to develop a sensitive and reliable analytical method for psilocin (PC) in urine samples, the hydrolysis conditions including the acid, alkaline and enzymatic hydrolyses have been investigated by monitoring not only PC but also psilocin glucuronide (PCG) by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS-MS); PCG was initially identified in a "magic mushroom (MM)" user's urine by liquid chromatography mass spectrometry (LC-MS) and LC-MS-MS. The proposed conditions optimized for the hydrolysis are as follows: hydrolysis, enzymatic hydrolysis; enzyme, Escherichia coli beta-glucuronidase (5000 units/ml urine); incubation, pH 6 at 37 degrees C for 2h. The complete hydrolysis of PCG in urine was obtained under these conditions, while the enzymatic hydrolyses with three types of beta-glucuronidases originated from bovine liver (Type B-1), Helix pomatia (Type H-1) and Ampullaria provided uncompleted hydrolysis of PCG. Also, neither the acid nor alkaline hydrolysis was found to be applicable. According to the present method, 3.55 microg/ml of psilocin was detected in the "magic mushroom" user's urine after the enzymatic hydrolysis, though psilocin was not detected without hydrolysis.

Related Materials

Product #

Image

Description

Molecular Formula

Add to Cart

P-048
Psilocin, vial of 5 mg, certified reference material
C12H16N2O