Histochemistry and cell biology

Expression of olfactory-type cyclic nucleotide-gated channel (CNGA2) in vascular tissues.

PMID 14618336


Cyclic nucleotide-gated (CNG) ion channels are Ca2+-permeable nonselective cation channels that are directly gated by the binding of cAMP or cGMP. Previous studies have identified the expression of CNGA1 channels in vascular endothelial cells. The opening of CNG channels is expected to result in a rise in endothelial cytosolic Ca2+, which may trigger multiple physiological changes. In the present study, we extensively studied the expression pattern of the functional subunit of olfactory-type CNG channels (CNGA2) in vascular tissues. Northern blot analysis detected a transcript of approximately 2.6 kb in mRNA isolated from rat aorta. RT-PCR amplified a 582-bp CNGA2 fragment from RNA samples isolated from rat aorta, bovine endothelia cell CCL-209, and rat smooth muscle cell A7r5. Furthermore, in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry revealed that CNGA2 mRNA and proteins were expressed in the endothelium and smooth muscle layers of human coronary and cerebral arteries. In conclusion, our study indicates that CNGA2 channels are widely expressed in vascular tissues across different species. These results suggest a potential ubiquitous role of CNGA2 channels in mediating Ca2+ influx in vascular cells.