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Research communications in chemical pathology and pharmacology

Oxidative metabolism of flunarizine in rat liver microsomes.


PMID 1462051

Abstract

The oxidative metabolism of flunarizine [1-[bis(4-fluorophenyl)-methyl]-4-(3-phenyl-2-propenyl)piperazine, FZ] to 1-[bis-(4-fluorophenyl)methyl]piperazine (M-1), 1-[bis(4-fluorophenyl)methyl]-4-[3-(4'-hydroxyphenyl)-2- propenyl]piperazine (M-2) and 4,4'-difluorobenzophenone (M-3) has been studied in liver microsomes of Wistar and Dark Agouti (DA) rats. Kinetic analysis demonstrated a sex difference (male > female) in the formation of M-1 and M-3, but not in that of M-2 in Wistar rats. Comparison of the kinetic data of FZ with those of cinnarizine [1-(diphenylmethyl)-4-(3-phenyl-2-propenyl)piperazine, CZ], a prototypic and unfluorinated drug (Kariya et al., Biochem. Pharmacol., in press) revealed that the formation clearances (Clfs) estimated by Vmax/km for the ring hydroxylated metabolites of FZ and CZ are higher than those for the N-dealkylated metabolites of these drugs in female rats. Furthermore, the introduction of two fluorine atoms to CZ (forming FZ) decreased the Clfs for most of metabolites, especially for the N-dealkylated product, M-3. The formation of the metabolites from FZ was suppressed by carbon monoxide and SKF 525-A, and only the ring hydroxylation forming M-2 was significantly lower in female DA than in female Wistar rats. These results suggest that the microsomal oxidation of FZ is mediated by cytochrome P450, and that a cytochrome P450 isozyme(s) belonging to the CYP2D subfamily is involved in the ring hydroxylation of FZ forming M-2.

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