Brain research

Differential effects of glucose on dehydroascorbic acid transport and intracellular ascorbate accumulation in astrocytes and skeletal myocytes.

PMID 14642847


Skeletal muscle and brain are major sites of glucose transport and ascorbate (vitamin C) storage. Ascorbate is oxidized to dehydroascorbic acid (DHAA) when used as an enzyme cofactor or free radical scavenger. We evaluated the hypothesis that glucose regulates DHAA uptake and reduction to ascorbate (i.e., recycling) by skeletal muscle cells and cerebral astrocytes. DHAA uptake was inhibited partially by glucose added simultaneously with DHAA. Comparison of wild type L6 skeletal muscle cells with an L6-derived cell line (D23) deficient in facilitative hexose transporter isoform 3 (GLUT3), indicated that both GLUT3 and facilitative hexose transporter isoform 1 (GLUT1) mediate DHAA uptake. Preincubation of muscle cells with glucose inhibited the rates of glucose and DHAA uptake, and decreased the intracellular concentration of ascorbate derived from recycling of DHAA. In contrast, glucose preincubation did not depress GLUT1 protein and activity levels or DHAA recycling in astrocytes. These results establish that glucose downregulates subsequent recycling of DHAA by skeletal muscle cells but not astrocytes.

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