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Contact dermatitis

Nonanoic acid--an experimental irritant.


PMID 14678207

Abstract

Irritant contact dermatitis is defined as a non-immunological skin reaction following exposure to various chemical, mechanical and physical factors. It is known that the skin response to irritants depends on the irritant applied and differs between chemically different irritants. Sodium lauryl sulfate (SLS) is an anionic detergent and the most frequently used substance in experimental irritant contact dermatitis. In 1980, it was suggested that nonanoic acid (NNA) could be used as a positive control when patch testing. Since then, NNA has been used as an experimental irritant in several studies and has been used as a chemically different substance compared to SLS. The present article presents a review of the application of NNA in studies on skin irritancy and experimental irritant contact dermatitis.