Endocrine journal

Reference values for urinary steroids in Japanese newborn infants: gas chromatography/mass spectrometry in selected ion monitoring.

PMID 14709852


Urinary steroid profile analysis using gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) has been reported for the diagnosis of abnormal steroidogenesis in newborn infants with some success. We tried to establish the reference values of 63 urinary steroids in Japanese newborn infant, using GC/MS in selected ion monitoring (SIM) that utilizes two characteristic mass ions for each steroid for definitive identification. We studied 36 healthy full-term newborn infants (1-56 days of age) on spot urine samples to define the reference values (mg/g creatinine, median and 10-90 percentile range) and to investigate the possible difference between daytime and nighttime levels. We also studied 23 healthy adult females (20-24 years of age) on 24-hour-urine for the comparison of the reference values of newborn infants. Fifty metabolites of DHEA, pregnenolone, 17-hydroxypregnenolone, androstenedione, progesterone, 17-hydroxyprogesterone, 21-deoxycortisone, corticosterone, 18-hydroxycorticosterone, aldosterone, 18-hydroxycortisol, 11-deoxycortisol, cortisone, cortisol, and estrogen in each infant were measurable without interference, but 13 metabolites of 11-hydroxyandrostenedione, pregnenolone, 11-deoxycorticosterone, corticosterone, 11-dehydrocorticosterone, 21-deoxycortisol, 11-deoxycortisol and cortisol were unmeasurable in each infant due to the interference of fetal cortex steroids as confirmed by abnormal peak area ratios of two mass ions. All 63 metabolites in each control adult were measurable without interference. 16alpha-, 16beta-, and 15beta-hydroxy metabolites of 3beta-hydroxy-5-en-steroids, and 6beta-, 18-hydroxy and 11-oxo-metabolites of corticosteroids were significantly higher in full-term newborn infants than those in adults as previously reported. Urinary steroids showed little circadian variation in the newborn infants, indicating that spot urine can substitute for 24-hour urine.