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Nucleosides, nucleotides & nucleic acids

Synthesis of base substituted 2-hydroxy-3-(purin-9-yl)-propanoic acids and 4-(purin-9-yl)-3-butenoic acids.


PMID 14714763

Abstract

Alkylation of 6-chloropurine and 2-amino-6-chloropurine with bromoacetaldehyde diethyl acetal afforded 6-chloro-9-(2,2-diethoxyethyl)purine (3a) and its 2-amino congener (3b). Treatment of compounds 3 with primary and secondary amines gave the N6-substituted adenines (5a-5c) and 2,6-diaminopurines (5d-5f). Hydrolysis of 3 resulted in hypoxanthine (6a) and guanine (6b) derivatives, while their reaction with thiourea led to 6-sulfanylpurine (7a) and 2-amino-6-sulfanylpurine (7b) compounds. Treatment with diluted acid followed by potassium cyanide treatment and acid hydrolysis afforded 6-substituted 3-(purin-9-yl)- and 3-(2-aminopurin-9-yl)-2-hydroxypropanoic acids (8-10). Reaction of compounds 3 with malonic acid in aqueous solution gave exclusively the product of isomerisation, 6-substituted 4-(purin-9-yl)-3-butenoic acids (15).

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