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The Journal of cell biology

Defective angiogenesis and fatal embryonic hemorrhage in mice lacking core 1-derived O-glycans.


PMID 14745002

Abstract

The core 1 beta1-3-galactosyltransferase (T-synthase) transfers Gal from UDP-Gal to GalNAcalpha1-Ser/Thr (Tn antigen) to form the core 1 O-glycan Galbeta1-3GalNAcalpha1-Ser/Thr (T antigen). The T antigen is a precursor for extended and branched O-glycans of largely unknown function. We found that wild-type mice expressed the NeuAcalpha2-3Galbeta1-3GalNAcalpha1-Ser/Thr primarily in endothelial, hematopoietic, and epithelial cells during development. Gene-targeted mice lacking T-synthase instead expressed the nonsialylated Tn antigen in these cells and developed brain hemorrhage that was uniformly fatal by embryonic day 14. T-synthase-deficient brains formed a chaotic microvascular network with distorted capillary lumens and defective association of endothelial cells with pericytes and extracellular matrix. These data reveal an unexpected requirement for core 1-derived O-glycans during angiogenesis.