Alimentary pharmacology & therapeutics

The effects of 5-aminosalicylic acid and acetyl-5-aminosalicylic acid on lipid peroxidation in erythrocytes and prostaglandin production by mononuclear cells.

PMID 1486154


In parallel studies, the effects of 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA) and acetyl-5-aminosalicylic acid (acetyl-5-ASA) on peroxidation of red-cell membrane lipids and production of prostaglandins by peripheral blood mononuclear cells were assessed. 5-ASA at concentrations of 10(-5), 10(-4) and 10(-3) M significantly inhibited erythrocyte lipid peroxidation, measured as malondialdehyde production, by 20%, 56% and 63%, respectively, (P < 0.05, P < 0.002, P < 0.001, respectively) while acetyl-5-ASA had no effect. 10(-5) and 10(-4) M 5-ASA significantly increased production by stimulated peripheral blood mononuclear cells of PGE2 (by 31% and 30%, P < 0.01, P < 0.05, respectively) and PGF2 alpha (by 30% and 25%, P < 0.05, P < 0.01, respectively). 10(-4) M 5-ASA also significantly stimulated prostacyclin production measured as 6KF1 alpha by 10% (P < 0.05). At 10(-3) M 5-ASA there were significant falls in 6KF1 alpha (by 37%) PGE2 (by 45%) and PGF2 alpha (by 47%) (P < 0.01, P < 0.001, P < 0.001, respectively) although this was accompanied by a decrease in cell viability. Acetyl-5-ASA had little effect upon prostaglandin production. 5-ASA scavenges free radicals and stimulates production of cytoprotective prostaglandins.