Journal of vascular and interventional radiology : JVIR

Fatal pulmonary complications after arterial embolization with 40-120- micro m tris-acryl gelatin microspheres.

PMID 14963189


Hepatic arterial embolization is a recognized method of treating primary malignancies and some secondary hepatic malignancies. Particle embolization alone has been shown to be safe and effective and is routinely performed for hypervascular tumors. Tris-acryl gelatin microspheres have been widely acclaimed for their ease of delivery and uniform size, allowing for accurate targeting of particular end arteries. There have been three deaths at the author's institution related to respiratory compromise since the 40-120- micro m particles became available 31 months ago. These complications were never observed with larger tris-acryl gelatin microspheres or polyvinyl alcohol particles. This is an unusual and serious complication of which interventionalists performing embolotherapy need to be aware.