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Inorganic chemistry

Oxidative self-decomposition of the nickel(III) complex of glycylglycyl-L-histidylglycine.


PMID 14966984

Abstract

Self-decomposition of the nickel(III) doubly deprotonated peptide complex of Gly2HisGly occurs by base-assisted oxidation of the peptide. At < or =p[H+] 7.0, the major pathway is a four-electron oxidation (via 4 Ni(III) complexes) at the alpha carbon of the N-terminal glycyl residue. The product of this oxidation is oxamylglycylhistidylglycine, which hydrolyzes to yield ammonia and oxalylglycylhistidylglycine. Both of these peptide products decompose to give isocyanatoacetylhistidylglycine. A small amount (2%) of oxidative decarboxylation also is observed. In another major pathway above p[H+] 7.0, two Ni(III)-peptide complexes coordinate via an oxo bridge in the axial positions to form a reactive dimer species. This dimer generates two Ni(II)-peptide radical intermediates that cross-link at the alpha carbons of the N-terminal glycyl residues. In 0.13 mM Ni(III)-peptide at p[H+] 10.3, this pathway accounts for 60% of the reaction. The cross-linked peptide is subject to oxidation via atmospheric O2, where the 2,3-diaminobutanedioic acid is converted to a 2,3-diaminobutenedioic acid. The products observed at