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Journal of the American Chemical Society

Kinetics and thermodynamics of hexameric capsule formation.


PMID 14995211

Abstract

Resorcinarene 1b forms a hexameric assembly in water-saturated CDCl(3) that encapsulates one tetraalkylammonium salt (2(+)Br(-)). The remaining space is occupied by coencapsulated solvent molecules. A maximum of three and minimum of one CHCl(3) molecule were found inside of capsules with tetrapropyl- and tetraheptylammonium bromide, respectively. The encapsulation of the salt is endothermic and entropically favored by the liberation of the solvent molecules. The stabilities of the encapsulation complexes and the rates of guest exchange decrease for larger cations. The higher activation barriers for in/out exchange of the larger guests suggest tight conformational restraints in the transition state. It is likely that complete dissociation of one resorcinarene molecule is necessary for the exchange of the alkylammonium salts.