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Analytical biochemistry

Glucose production, gluconeogenesis, and hepatic tricarboxylic acid cycle fluxes measured by nuclear magnetic resonance analysis of a single glucose derivative.


PMID 15051530

Abstract

A triple-tracer method was developed to provide absolute fluxes contributing to endogenous glucose production and hepatic tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle fluxes in 24-h-fasted rats by (2)H and (13)C nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) analysis of a single glucose derivative. A primed, intravenous [3,4-(13)C(2)]glucose infusion was used to measure endogenous glucose production; intraperitoneal (2)H(2)O (to enrich total body water) was used to quantify sources of glucose (TCA cycle, glycerol, and glycogen), and intraperitoneal [U-(13)C(3)] propionate was used to quantify hepatic anaplerosis, pyruvate cycling, and TCA cycle flux. Plasma glucose was converted to monoacetone glucose (MAG), and a single (2)H and (13)C NMR spectrum of MAG provided the following metabolic data (all in units of micromol/kg/min; n = 6): endogenous glucose production (40.4+/-2.9), gluconeogenesis from glycerol (11.5+/-3.5), gluconeogenesis from the TCA cycle (67.3+/-5.6), glycogenolysis (1.0+/-0.8), pyruvate cycling (154.4+/-43.4), PEPCK flux (221.7+/-47.6), and TCA cycle flux (49.1+/-16.8). In a separate group of rats, glucose production was not different in the absence of (2)H(2)O and [U-(13)C]propionate, demonstrating that these tracers do not alter the measurement of glucose turnover.

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