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Journal of agricultural and food chemistry

Rapid time-resolved fluoroimmunoassay for the screening of narasin and salinomycin residues in poultry and eggs.


PMID 15053516

Abstract

Anticoccidial drugs are extensively used in the poultry industry to control the infection of the single-cell protozoa of the genus Eimeria. The most commonly used coccidiostats in poultry are the polyether ionophores such as narasin and salinomycin. This paper presents a rapid and simple method for the screening of residues of these two coccidiostatic compounds in poultry and eggs. The method is based on time-resolved fluoroimmunoassay. Sample preparation of eggs consists only of one extraction and evaporation step, and a solid phase extraction step is needed only for the muscle sample preparation. Mean recoveries were 91.0% from muscle tissue and 81.1% from eggs for both narasin and salinomycin. The performance of the assay was evaluated only for narasin because salinomycin had a cross-reactivity of 100% in the assay, and the recoveries of the compounds were not significantly different (P >0.05). The limits of detection [mean + 3 x standard deviation (SD)] of narasin were 0.56 and 0.28 microg/kg, and the limits of quantification (mean + 9 x SD) were 1.80 and 0.57 microg/kg for muscle and eggs, respectively. The coefficients of variation (CV) of the interassay precision of the method, evaluated by five replicate analyses of muscle samples spiked with 2 microg/kg of narasin and egg samples spiked with 1 microg/kg of narasin, were 4.1 and 6.4%, respectively. The CVs of intra-assay precision tests, determined by 10 replicate analyses at the above-mentioned concentration levels, were 3.8 and 4.5%, respectively.

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