Bioscience, biotechnology, and biochemistry

L-ascorbic acid microencapsulated with polyacylglycerol monostearate for milk fortification.

PMID 15056878


Efficiency was examined of microencapsulating L-ascorbic acid by polyglycerol monostearate (PGMS), and changes in the chemical and sensorial aspects of L-ascorbic acid and/or iron-fortified milk during storage were evaluated. The selected core materials were ferric ammonium sulfate and L-ascorbic acid. The highest efficiency (94.2%) of microencapsulation was found with the ratio of 5:1 as the coating to core material. The release of ascorbic acid from the microcapsules increased sharply from 1.6 to 6.7% up to 5 d of storage. The TBA value was the lowest in the milk sample with added encapsulated iron and unencapsulated L-ascorbic acid up to 5 d of storage in comparison with the other treated samples. A sensory analysis showed that most aspects were not significantly different between the control and fortified samples encapsulated with ascorbic acid after 5 d of storage. The results indicate that L-ascorbic acid microencapsulated with PGMS can be applied to fortify milk and acceptable milk products can be prepared with microencapsulated L-ascorbic acid and iron.