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Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

Asymmetric hetero-Diels-Alder reaction catalyzed by dirhodium(II) carboxamidates.


PMID 15060277

Abstract

Chiral dirhodium(II) carboxamidates are highly efficient catalysts for reactions between a variety of aldehydes and activated dienes. Catalyst loadings as low at 0.01 mol % have been realized with enantioselectivities up to 97%. Kinetic investigations reveal a pronounced electronic influence on the rate of the hetero-Diels-Alder reaction with a Hammett rho value of +1.9 (versus sigma(+)). Inhibition of the catalyst by reactant aldehyde is apparent, but reactions show first-order dependence on aldehyde and diene, and there is a variable dependence on catalyst.

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