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Clinical prostate cancer

An evaluation of bicalutamide in the treatment of prostate cancer.


PMID 15072604

Abstract

Although prostate cancer is traditionally considered a disease of old age, improved diagnostic techniques have resulted in early diagnosis, and many men are now treated while still physically and sexually active. Current therapies for prostate cancer often include medical or surgical castration, which cause adverse effects on physical and sexual function; therefore, greater attention has been focused on quality of life. The nonsteroidal antiandrogen bicalutamide is an effective agent with a favorable tolerability profile and, in some settings, represents an alternative to castration. Mature survival data reveal that bicalutamide monotherapy provides survival benefits for untreated locally advanced disease that do not differ significantly from those of castration and maintains better physical capacity and sexual interest. Recent data from a prospective randomized trial demonstrate that bicalutamide given as immediate therapy, either alone or as adjuvant to therapy of curative intent, significantly reduces the risk of objective disease progression in patients with localized or locally advanced prostate cancer. Antiandrogens are also used in combination with castration, a treatment known as combined androgen blockade (CAB), for advanced disease. A randomized trial demonstrated that CAB with bicalutamide is associated with similar survival outcome to CAB with flutamide and is better tolerated. Current evidence demonstrates that bicalutamide currently has a favorable risk-benefit ratio in several stages of prostate cancer and that the role of bicalutamide will be further defined by ongoing studies.