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Rapid communications in mass spectrometry : RCM

Electron ionization mass spectral fragmentation of derivatized 4,5- and 5,6-epoxysterols.


PMID 15116422

Abstract

The electron ionization (EI) mass spectral fragmentation of derivatized 4,5- and 5,6-epoxysterols was investigated. Interesting fragmentation processes involving a transannular cleavage of the epoxide ring after transfer of the trimethylsilyl group are significant in the case of 4,5-epoxysterol trimethylsilyl ethers (affording abundant fragment ions at m/z 403 and 404). Different pathways, which have been substantiated by deuterium labelling, are proposed in order to explain the formation of these ions. In contrast, this transfer is not significant in the case of 5,6-epoxysterol trimethylsilyl ethers. The EI mass spectra of these latter compounds appear to be very complex and to differ slightly according to the stereochemistry of the epoxy group. Acetate and trifluoroacetate derivatives of 4,5-epoxysterols display interesting EI mass spectra dominated by a fragment ion at m/z 332 resulting from cleavage of the steroid ring A.

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