Comparative study in the Ames test of benzo[a]pyrene and 2-aminoanthracene metabolic activation using rat hepatic S9 and hepatocytes following in vivo or in vitro induction.

PMID 15123791


We studied the replacement of hepatic S9 with in vivo and in vitro induced hepatocytes as a metabolic activation system with the aim of broadening the possibilities of mutagenic assays. Rats were pretreated with beta-naphthoflavone (BNF), phenobarbital (PB), 3-methylcholanthrene (MC) and a combination of BNF and PB (BNF + PB). Mutagenic activation of benzo[a]pyrene (BP) and 2-aminoanthracene (2AA) by hepatic S9 and hepatocytes was determined in the Ames test. Primary rat hepatocytes were used for in vitro induction and were used as the activating system in the Ames test. In vivo BNF treatment greatly increased the metabolic activation capacity of hepatic S9 and hepatocytes towards BP. With regard to 2AA activation, S9 and hepatocytes showed different BNF induction profiles. PB treatment reduced the mutagenicity of both compounds. Although ethoxyresorufin O-dealkylase (EROD) activity of S9 from BNF + PB-treated animals was almost 30-fold greater than the control, its effectiveness in activation of 2AA was below the control level. A large part of the EROD activity of control cells was lost during culture, together with the ability to activate 2AA, however, 72 h of MC induction increased EROD activity to 200-fold of the control, which corresponds to 28% of that of in vivo induced hepatocytes. The mutagenic potential of BP activated by in vitro induced hepatocytes was 10-fold above the control, which is 47% of the mutagenicity detected following in vivo induction. In vitro induced hepatocytes increased 2AA mutagenicity to 14.6-fold over the control, which corresponds to 68% of in vivo induction. Our results suggest that primary culture of hepatocytes provides a useful model for the study of the role of metabolic activation processes concerning enzyme activity of cytochromes P450 and other metabolic enzymes and induction profiles of different inducers.

Related Materials

Product #



Molecular Formula

Add to Cart

2-Aminoanthracene, 96%