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The Journal of biological chemistry

Disinactivation of N-type inactivation of voltage-gated K channels by an erbstatin analogue.


PMID 15136567

Abstract

In some A-type voltage-gated K channels, rapid inactivation is achieved through the binding of an N-terminal domain of the pore-forming alpha-subunit or an associated beta-subunit to a cytoplasmic acceptor located at or near the channel pore using the ball-and-chain machinery (1-5). This inactivation involving the N terminus is known as N-type inactivation. Here, we describe an erbstatin (Erb) analogue as a small molecule inhibitor of the N-type inactivation in channels of Kv1.4 and Kv1.1+Kvbeta1. We show that this inhibition of inactivation (designated as "disinactivation") is potent and selective for N-type inactivation in heterologous cells (Chinese hamster ovary and Xenopus oocytes) expressing these A-type channels. In Chinese hamster ovary cells, Erb increased the inactivation time constant of Kv1.4 from 86.5 +/- 9.5 to 150 +/- 10 ms (n = 6, p < 0.0 1). Similarly, Erb increased the inactivation time constant of Kv1.1+Kvbeta1 from 10 +/- 0.9 to 49.3 +/- 7 ms (n = 7, p < 0.01). The EC(50) for disinactivating Kv1.1+Kvbeta1 was 10.4 +/- 0.9 microm (n = 2-9). Erb had no effect upon another A-channel, Kv4.3, which does not utilize the ball-and-chain mechanism. The mechanism of Erb-induced disinactivation was also investigated. Neither cysteine oxidation nor tyrosine kinase inhibition was involved. The results demonstrate that Erb can be used as a base structure to identify potent, selective small molecule inhibitors of intracellular protein-protein interactions, and that these disinactivators may offer another therapeutic approach to the treatment of seizure disorders.

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