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The Journal of steroid biochemistry and molecular biology

3alpha/beta,20beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (porcine testicular carbonyl reductase) also has a cysteine residue that is involved in binding of cofactor NADPH.


PMID 15145449

Abstract

Besides residue of the catalytic triad that is conserved in the short-chain dehydrogenase/reductase (SDR) superfamily, a Cys side chain reportedly plays functional roles in NADP-dependent 15-hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase and human carbonyl reductase (CR). The three-dimensional structure of porcine 3alpha/beta,20beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase, also known as porcine testicular carbonyl reductase, demonstrates the proximity of the Cys 226 side chain to the bound NADP. However, no clear explanation with respect to the basis of the catalytic function of the Cys residue is yet available. By chemical modification, point mutation, and kinetic analysis, we determine that two Cys residues, Cys 149 and Cys 226, are involved in the enzyme activity. Furthermore, we found that pretreatment with NADP markedly protects the enzyme from inactivation by 4-(hydroxyl mercury) benzoic acid (4-HMB), thereby confirming that Cys 226 is involved in binding of the cofactor. On the basis of the tertiary structure of 3alpha/beta,20beta-HSD, the possible roles of Cys residues, especially that of Cys 226, in enzyme action and in the binding of cofactor NADPH are discussed.

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55540
4-(Hydroxymercuri)benzoic acid sodium salt, ≥95.0% (Hg)
C7H5HgNaO3