Journal of the American Chemical Society

Highly efficient photochemical 2'-deoxyribonolactone formation at the diagonal loop of a 5-iodouracil-containing antiparallel G-quartet.

PMID 15149224


To explore the structure-dependent hydrogen abstraction in antiparallel and parallel G-quartet DNA structures, the photochemical reactivity of 5-iodouracil ((I)U)-containing human telomeric DNA 22-mers was investigated under the 302 nm UV irradiation conditions. We discovered that only antiparallel ODN 4, in which the second T residue in the diagonal loop of the antiparallel G-quartet is substituted with (I)U, was rapidly consumed as compared with parallel ODN 4 and the other (I)U-containing 22-mers under the irradiation conditions. Product analysis of the photolyzate of antiparallel ODN 4 indicated that a 2'-deoxyribonolactone residue was effectively produced at the 5' side of the (I)U residue in the diagonal loop. Photochemical 2'-deoxyribonolactone formation was also found in the (I)U-containing diagonal loop of antiparallel G-quartets d(GGGGTTT(I)UGGGG)(2) and d(GGGGTT(I)UTGGGG)(2), whereas the reaction did not occur at other DNA structures, including the single-stranded form, the loop region of the hairpin, and linear four-stranded G-quartets. The results clearly indicate that this type of 2'-deoxyribonolactone formation efficiently occurrs only in the diagonal loop of the antiparallel G-quartet. Furthermore, we found that 2'-deoxyribonolactone was formed at the (I)U-containing G-rich sequence of the IgG switch regions and the 5' termini of the Rb gene, suggesting the formation of an antiparallel G-quartet with a diagonal loop in these sequences. These results suggest that the present photochemical method can be used as a specific probe for the antiparallel G-quartet with the diagonal loop.

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5-Iodouracil, 98%