The Journal of biological chemistry

beta-Catenin shows an overlapping sequence requirement but distinct molecular interactions for its bidirectional passage through nuclear pores.

PMID 15173161


beta-Catenin is an example of a typical molecule that can be translocated bidirectionally through nuclear pore complexes (NPCs) on its own in a facilitated manner. In this work the nuclear import and export of beta-catenin were examined to compare the sequence requirement of this molecule and to determine whether molecular interactions required for its bidirectional NPC passage are distinct or not. Deletion analysis of beta-catenin revealed that armadillo repeats 10-12 and the C terminus comprise the minimum region necessary for nuclear migration activity. Further dissection of this fragment showed that the C terminus tail plays an essential role in nuclear migration. The region of beta-catenin required for export substantially overlapped the region required for import. Therefore, the NPC translocation of beta-catenin is apparently reversible, which is consistent with findings reported previously. However, different translocating molecules blocked nuclear import and export of beta-catenin differentially. The data herein indicate that beta-catenin shows an overlapping sequence requirement for its import and export but that bidirectional movement through the NPC proceeds through distinct molecular interactions.