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Biochemical and biophysical research communications

Inhibition of the human organic anion transporter 1 by the caffeine metabolite 1-methylxanthine.


PMID 15207706

Abstract

Caffeine (1,3,7-trimethylxanthine) is daily and widely consumed in beverages and food and is mainly metabolized to 1,7-dimethylxanthine and 1-methylxanthine. Indirect clinical evidence suggests that 1-methylxanthine interacts with the organic anion transport system in the human kidney. In this study the effect of caffeine and its main metabolites on the human organic anion transporter 1 (hOAT1) was investigated using CHO cells overexpressing hOAT1. The uptake of 6-carboxyfluorescein into CHO(hOAT) cells was significantly inhibited by > or = 100 microM of 1-methylxanthine. Five hundred micromolar 1-methylxanthine was equieffective to 100 microM probenecid. In contrast, caffeine and 1,7-dimethylxanthine did not inhibit the transport of 6-carboxyfluorescein at concentrations up to 500 microM. In conclusion, the caffeine metabolite 1-methylxanthine inhibits the transport activity of hOAT1 in vitro. The central involvement of hOAT1 in the renal excretion of numerous drugs suggests that this inhibition may alter the pharmacokinetics of a series of clinically important drugs in humans.

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69720
1-Methylxanthine, ≥97.0% (HPLC)
C6H6N4O2