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European journal of pharmacology

Na+ modulation, inverse agonism, and anorectic potency of 4-phenylpiperidine opioid antagonists.


PMID 15212965

Abstract

Differences in the anorectic activity of morphinan (e.g., naltrexone) and 3,4-dimethyl-4-(3-hydroxyphenyl)piperidine (4PP) opioid receptor antagonists have been described. In an attempt to explain these differences, the influence of Na(+) on opioid binding affinity and functional activity of 4PP antagonists was compared to other opioid antagonists. The binding affinities of neutral antagonists were unaffected by the addition of Na(+), whereas that for the peptide, inverse agonist N,N-diallyl-Tyr-Aib-Aib-Phe-Leu-OH (ICI174864) was increased. Similarly, the binding affinities of the 4PP antagonist (3R,4R)-1-((S)-3-hydroxy-3-cyclohexylpropyl)-4-(3-hydroxyphenyl)-3,4-dimethyl-1-piperidine (LY255582) and other 4PP antagonists were increased in the presence of Na(+) with the greatest effects at the delta opioid receptor followed by the mu and kappa opioid receptors, respectively. Similar to ICI174864, 4PP antagonists were found to inhibit basal GTPgamma[(35)S] binding at the delta opioid receptor indicating inverse agonist activity. A correlation was observed between the binding affinities in the presence of Na(+), the inverse agonist potency, and the anorectic potency of 4PP antagonists. These data suggest that 4PP antagonists differ from morphinan antagonists in their inverse agonist activity and suggest a relationship between inverse agonism and anorectic activity.

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639869
4-Phenylpiperidine, 97%
C11H15N