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The Journal of protozoology

Arginine catabolism by Leishmania donovani promastigotes.


PMID 1522544

Abstract

Leishmania donovani promastigotes were grown to late log phase, washed and resuspended in iso-osmotic buffer containing L-arginine, and the rate of urea formation was then measured under various conditions. Addition of glucose or mannose activated urea formation, whereas 2-deoxyglucose inhibited and 6-deoxyglucose had no effect. Addition of alanine or of alpha-aminoisobutyrate inhibited urea formation, alanine causing a greater inhibition than alpha-aminoisobutyrate. Addition of leucine, proline, glycine, or lysine had no effect on urea formation. The presence of glutamate also increased the rate of urea formation from arginine, but to a lesser extent than did glucose. The presence of both glucose and alanine caused no net change in urea formation, whereas the inhibitory effect of alanine exceeded the activating effect of glutamate, so that a small inhibition in the rate of urea formation occurred in the presence of both alanine and glutamate. Cells grown to 3-day stationary phase had a markedly reduced rate of arginine catabolism to urea, but the activating effect of glucose and the inhibitory effect of alanine were qualitatively similar to their effects on late log phase cells. Addition of water to cells suspended in buffer also inhibited urea formation, but this appeared to be due primarily to the release of alanine caused by the hypo-osmotic stress. Addition of mannitol to cells suspended in buffer caused a small inhibition of arginine catabolism. Addition of dibutyrylcyclic AMP, 3',5'-cyclic GMP, phorbol myristic acid, or A23187 had no effect on the rate of urea formation from arginine.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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