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The Journal of chemical physics

Photodissociation of diiodomethane in acetonitrile solution and fragment recombination into iso-diiodomethane studied with ab initio molecular dynamics simulations.


PMID 15260775

Abstract

Photodissociation of diiodomethane (CH2I2) in acetonitrile solution has been studied with ab initio molecular dynamics simulations, which show how the iso-diiodomethane photoproduct (CH2I-I) can be formed. The first excited state, described by the "restricted open-shell Kohn-Sham" density functional method, is dissociative and photoexcitation of diiodomethane induces a breaking of one of the C-I bonds. In the simulations, we observe that energy dissipation to the surrounding solvent is essential in the formation of a stable iso-diiodomethane molecule. The caging effect of the solvent results in a recombination of the CH2I and I fragments into iso-diiodomethane on a picosecond time scale. The molecular dynamics simulations enable us to study the cage effect as well as the relaxation of intermediates and the distribution of energy. The CH2I fragment is formed vibrationally excited along the C-I stretching mode. After recombination of the CH2I and I fragments, iso-diiodomethane shows a strong vibration excitation in the CH2 group, which could be used as a fingerprint of the proposed mechanism.

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Diiodomethane, ReagentPlus®, 99%, contains copper as stabilizer
CH2I2