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The Journal of steroid biochemistry and molecular biology

Identification of estrogen-responsive genes in the GH3 cell line by cDNA microarray analysis.


PMID 15276619

Abstract

To identify estrogen-responsive genes in somatolactotrophic cells of the pituitary gland, a rat pituitary cell line GH3 was subjected to cDNA microarray analysis. GH3 cells respond to estrogen by growth as well as prolactin synthesis. RNAs extracted from GH3 cells treated with 17beta-estradiol (E2) at 10(-9) M for 24 h were compared with the control samples. The effect of an antiestrogen ICI182780 was also examined. The array analysis indicated 26 genes to be up-regulated and only seven genes down-regulated by E2. Fourteen genes were further examined by real-time RT-PCR quantification and 10 were confirmed to be regulated by the hormone in a dose-dependent manner. Expression and regulation of these genes were then examined in the anterior pituitary glands of female F344 rats ovariectomized and/or treated with E2 and 8 out of 10 were again found to be up-regulated. Interestingly, two of the most estrogen-responsive genes in GH3 cells were strongly dependent on E2 in vivo. #1 was identified as calbindin-D9k mRNA, with 80- and 118-fold induction over the ovariectomized controls at 3 and 24 h, respectively, after E2 administration. #2 was found to be parvalbumin mRNA, with 30-fold increase at 24 h. Third was c-myc mRNA, with 4.5 times induction at 24 h. The levels were maintained after one month of chronic E2 treatment. Identification of these estrogen-responsive genes should contribute to understating of estrogen actions in the pituitary gland.

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