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Electrophoresis

Sensitive silver staining of protein in sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gels using an azo dye, calconcarboxylic acid, as a silver-ion sensitizer.


PMID 15300767

Abstract

A highly sensitive silver staining method for detecting proteins in sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) was developed. It is based on the silver nitrate staining method but also employs an azo dye, calconcarboxylic acid (NN), as a silver-ion sensitizer. It increases silver binding on protein bands or spots by the formation of a silver-dye complex and also increases the reducing power of silver ions to metallic silver by NN itself with formaldehyde. After a 2 h gel fixing step, the protocol including sensitization, silver-ion impregnation, and reduction steps can be completed in 1 h. The sensitivity is superior to that of silver stain with glutardialdehyde as a silver-ion sensitizer. The detection limit of NN-silver stain is 0.05-0.2 ng protein. Considering the high sensitivity without using glutardialdehyde, the NN-silver stain would be useful for routine silver staining of proteins.

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H3128
Calconcarboxylic acid
C21H14N2O7S