Langmuir : the ACS journal of surfaces and colloids

Scrutiny of annexin A1 mediated membrane-membrane interaction by means of a thickness shear mode resonator and computer simulations.

PMID 15301512


The dissipational quartz crystal microbalance (D-QCM) technology was applied to monitor the adsorption of vesicles to membrane-bound annexin A1 by simultaneously reading out the shifts in resonance frequency and dissipation. Solid-supported membranes (SSMs) composed of a chemisorbed octanethiol monolayer and a physisorbed 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine/1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoserine monolayer were immobilized on the gold electrode of a 5 MHz quartz plate. Adsorption and desorption of annexin A1 to the SSM was followed by means of the QCM technique. After nonbound annexin A1 was removed from solution, the second membrane binding was monitored by the D-QCM technique, which allowed distinguishing between adsorbed and ruptured vesicles. The results show that vesicles stay always intact independent of the amount of bound annexin and the vesicle and buffer composition. It was shown that the vesicle adsorption process to membrane-bound annexin A1 is fully irreversible and is mediated by two-dimensional annexin clusters. For N-terminally truncated annexin A1, a decrease in the amount of bound vesicles was observed, which might be the result of fewer binding sites presented by the annexin A1 core. Supported by computer simulations, the results demonstrate that the vesicle adsorption process is electrostatically driven, but compared to those of sole electrostatic binding, the rate constants of adsorption are 1-2 orders of magnitude smaller, indicating the presence of a potential barrier.

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1-Octanethiol, ≥98.5%