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Environmental research

Comparison of n-eicosane and phenanthrene removal by pure and mixed cultures of two marine bacteria.


PMID 15325883

Abstract

The biotransformation activities of two hydrocarbonoclastic marine bacteria, Corynebacterium sp. and Sphingomonas sp. 2MPII, on n-eicosane and phenanthrene were investigated. During a 56-day experiment, in pure and mixed cultures, Corynebacterium sp. and Sphingomonas sp. 2MPII removed about 70% of the initial n-eicosane and phenanthrene concentrations (1 and 0.4 g L(-1), respectively). In pure cultures, culturable cell abundances increased over time, from 0.8 to 8.6 x 10(-11) CFU L(-1) (Corynebacterium sp.) and from 2.1 to 16 x 10(-11) CFU L(-1) (Sphingomonas sp. 2MPII ) but remained barely constant in mixed cultures. We defined a biotransformation index based on the number of culturable cells rather than the culture protein content, with the biotransformation cell yield (BCY) expressed in grams hydrocarbon CFU(-1) per day to better characterize hydrocarbon removal in pure and mixed cultures. The BCY was markedly higher in mixed than in pure cultures, increasing by a factor of 2-10.7 and 2.3-4.7 for n-eicosane and phenanthrene removal, respectively.

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