Applied and environmental microbiology

Production, purification, and properties of a lipase from a bacterium (Pseudomonas aeruginosa YS-7) capable of growing in water-restricted environments.

PMID 1539972


An extracellular lipase from the low-water-tolerant bacterium P. aeruginosa YS-7 was produced, purified, and characterized with respect to its functional properties in aqueous solutions and organic solvents. The enzyme was partially released from the cells during fermentation in defined medium with 5% (wt/vol) soybean oil. Approximately one-half of the total culture activity remained in solution after removal of cells. More than 95% of the activity was found in culture supernatant after mild detergent treatment (10 mM sodium deoxycholate) or after shifting the carbon source during the fermentation from triglyceride to a free fatty acid. The enzyme was recovered from an acetone precipitate of the whole culture and purified by hydrophobic interaction chromatography, yielding a preparation having a specific activity of about 1,300 mumol of fatty acid mg-1 h-1. The lipase (molecular size, approximately 40 kDa) hydrolyzes a variety of fatty acid esters and has an optimum pH of about 7. The enzyme retained its full activity at 20 to 55 degrees C, even after prolonged exposure (more than 30 days) to different concentrations of water-miscible organic solvents such as alcohols, glycols, pyridine, acetonitrile, dimethyl formamide, and dimethyl sulfoxide. The hydrolysis of 4-nitrophenyl laurate ester and of triglyceride emulsified in water was slightly accelerated with increasing concentrations of alcohols and glycols up to about 20% but was abolished with a further increase in alcohol concentration or in the presence of acetonitrile. In contrast, the rate of hydrolysis of these substrates in concentrated solutions of dimethyl formamide or dimethyl sulfoxide was markedly increased, by more than twofold and more than fivefold, respectively.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)