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Applied microbiology and biotechnology

Analysis of acyl CoA ester intermediates of the mevalonate pathway in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.


PMID 15448940

Abstract

The mevalonate pathway plays an important role in providing the cell with a number of essential precursors for the synthesis of biomass constituents. With respect to their chemical structure, the metabolites of this pathway can be divided into two groups: acyl esters [acetoacetyl CoA, acetyl CoA, hydroxymethylglutaryl (HMG) CoA] and phosphorylated metabolites (isopentenyl pyrophosphate, dimethylallyl pyrophosphate, geranyl pyrophosphate, farnesyl pyrophosphate). In this study, we developed a method for the precise analysis of the intracellular concentration of acetoacetyl CoA, acetyl CoA and HMG CoA; and we used this method for quantification of these metabolites in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, both during batch growth on glucose and on galactose and in glucose-limited chemostat cultures operated at three different dilution rates. The level of the metabolites changed depending on the growth phase/specific growth rate and the carbon source, in a way which indicated that the synthesis of acetoacetyl CoA and HMG CoA is subject to glucose repression. In the glucose batch, acetyl CoA accumulated during the growth on glucose and, just after glucose depletion, HMG CoA and acetoacetyl CoA started to accumulate during the growth on ethanol. In the galactose batch, HMG CoA accumulated during the growth on galactose and a high level was maintained into the ethanol growth phase; and the levels of acetyl CoA and HMG CoA were more than two-fold higher in the galactose batch than in the glucose batch.

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A1625
Acetoacetyl coenzyme A sodium salt hydrate, cofactor for acyl transfer
C25H40N7O18P3S · xNa+ · yH2O