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Microbes and infection

IL-10 production induced by HIV-1 Tat stimulation of human monocytes is dependent on the activation of PKC beta(II) and delta isozymes.


PMID 15488737

Abstract

The effect of HIV-1 Tat protein on the production of IL-10, an immunosuppressive cytokine, was examined in human primary monocytes obtained from healthy HIV-1-negative blood donors. As expected and in agreement with our previous data, a dose-dependent induction of IL-10 was observed. In addition, we showed that this induction is mediated by the PKC pathway: in the presence of Ro 31-8220, an inhibitor of all PKC isozymes, or after 48 h of PMA treatment, Tat protein becomes unable to stimulate IL-10 production. Among the 11 PKC isozymes, eight (PKC alpha, beta(I), beta(II), delta, epsilon, eta, zeta, mu) are expressed in monocytes. In this study, by analyzing the translocation to the membrane after Tat stimulation, we showed that PKC alpha, beta(I), beta(II), delta and epsilon isozymes are activated by Tat. Moreover, by combining different approaches including selective PKC inhibitors (Gö6983, Gö6976, hispidin and rottlerin), we showed that PKC beta(II) and delta isozymes are essential for the activation of IL-10 production in human monocytes following stimulation by HIV-1 Tat protein.

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