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The Journal of biological chemistry

Glycan-independent role of calnexin in the intracellular retention of Charcot-Marie-tooth 1A Gas3/PMP22 mutants.


PMID 15537650

Abstract

Missense point mutations in Gas3/PMP22 are responsible for the peripheral neuropathies Charcot-Marie-Tooth 1A and Dejerine Sottas syndrome. These mutations induce protein misfolding with the consequent accumulation of the proteins in the endoplasmic reticulum and the formation of aggresomes. During folding, Gas3/PMP22 associates with the lectin chaperone calnexin. Here, we show that calnexin interacts with the misfolded transmembrane domains of Gas3/PMP22, fused to green fluorescent protein, in a glycan-independent manner. In addition, photobleaching experiments in living cells revealed that Gas3/PMP22-green fluorescent protein mutants are mobile but diffuse at almost half the diffusion coefficient of wild type protein. Our results support emerging models for a glycan-independent chaperone role for calnexin and for the mechanism of retention of misfolded membrane proteins in the endoplasmic reticulum.