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Pharmacopsychiatry

Neuropharmacology of the anxiolytic drug opipramol, a sigma site ligand.


PMID 15547785

Abstract

Although opipramol is structurally related to imipramine, it does not represent a tricyclic antidepressant drug as it does not inhibit the neuronal uptake of norepinephrine and/or serotonin. Unlike imipramine it is a rather potent sigma ligand with modest subclass selectivity which is similar in vitro as well as ex vivo. Opipramol is active in several behavioural paradigms indicative of anxiolytic properties at doses (1-10 mg/kg), which are also needed to occupy sigma binding sites. Somewhat higher doses (10-20 mg/kg) are needed for "antidepressant like" effects. The data allow the conclusion that interaction with sigma sites is involved in the anxiolytic and antidepressant effects of opipramol albeit a contribution of its weaker D (2)-antagonistic and 5-HT2-antagonistic properties cannot be totally be excluded.

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O5889
Opipramol dihydrochloride, ≥98% (HPLC), solid
C23H29N3O · 2HCl