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Giornale italiano di medicina del lavoro ed ergonomia

"In vitro" effects of different arsenic compounds on PBMC (preliminary study).


PMID 15551947

Abstract

Aim of this investigation was to compare the effects of 10(-4) M and 10(-7) M As compounds on spontaneous and PHA stimulated PBMC proliferation and IFN-gamma and TNF-alpha release. The inhibitory effect of the 10(-4) M As salts was in the following order: momo-methyl-arsinous acic (MMAs(III)) > sodium arsenite (As(III)) > tetraphenyl arsonium chloride (As(V)) > sodium arsenate (As(V)) > potassium- and sodium-esa-fluorum arsenate (As(V)) > dimethyl arsinic acid (DMAs(V)), while monomethyl-arsonic-acid (MMAs(V)) and arsenobetaine did not exert immune effects. 10(-7) M MMAs(III) stimulated the spontaneous PBMC proliferation, while As(III) and DMAs(V) enhanced the PHA stimulated PBMC proliferation. This study shows that the immune effects of As salts depends on speciation; moreover, the immunotoxicity of inorganic arsenic in part depends on the intracellular bio-synthesis of MMAs(III) from MMAs(V).

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T25305
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