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Journal of agricultural and food chemistry

Development of an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for the detection of the fungicide fenarimol.


PMID 15563196

Abstract

To develop an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for the fungicide fenarimol, two synthesized haptens, haptens-1 and -2, and the purchased 4,4'-DDA were conjugated to carrier proteins (BSA, KLH, and OVA). Polyclonal antibodies raised against hapten-1,2-KLH conjugates in rabbits and the coating antigens of hapten-1,2-BSA conjugates, hapten-2-OVA conjugate, and 4,4'-DDA-BSA conjugate were screened and selected for the homologous and/or heterologous ELISA formats. Two competitive indirect ELISAs were selected: assays I and II. The optimized ciELISAs of assays I and II showed average IC(50) values of fenarimol of 5.4 and 9.4 ng/mL, detection ranges of 1.1-25.9 and 1.1-82.7 ng/mL, and lowest detection limits of 0.3 and 0.3 ng/mL, respectively. The cross-reactivities with several structurally related compounds indicated the importance of the steric fitness in the antigen-antibody interaction. Recoveries of fenarimol from apple and pear samples spiked with the analyte by assay I were in the range of 93-113% by simple extraction, concentration, and dilution. This assay could be a convenient and supplemental analytical tool for monitoring fenarimol residues in environmental and agricultural samples.

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