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Expert opinion on pharmacotherapy

Pentostatin - pharmacology, immunology, and clinical effects in graft-versus-host disease.


PMID 15571477

Abstract

Pentostatin (deoxycoformycin), is one of a number of purine analogues. The drug was originally designed to mimic a form of severe combined immune deficiency, characterised by marked T lymphopenia but variable B cell function. Clinically, the drug has been used primarily to treat a rare type of leukaemia - hairy cell leukaemia. Recently, the drug has seen increasing attention as an immunosuppressant. This review will cover the basic pharmacology and immunological effects of pentostatin. The clinical use of this agent in prevention and treatment of graft-versus-host disease will be examined. Although many of these studies are ongoing, this agent has promise as a novel immunosuppressive agent with a new mechanism of action.