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Neuroendocrinology

Caudal hindbrain glucoprivation enhances gamma-aminobutyric acid release in discrete septopreoptic structures in the steroid-primed ovariectomized rat brain: role of mu opioid receptors.


PMID 15591795

Abstract

The neurochemical mechanisms underlying hindbrain glucoprivic suppression of the luteinizing hormone (LH) surge are not known. A body of experimental evidence supports the view that gonadal steroid positive-feedback action on the reproductive neuroendocrine axis relieves tonic GABAergic inhibition of gonadotropin-releasing hormone neurons by diminishing preoptic release of this neurotransmitter. The present studies evaluated the hypothesis that hindbrain glucoprivic attenuation of the LH surge may be correlated with site-specific modifications in gonadal steroid suppression of gamma-aminobutyric acid release in this region of the brain. Individual septopreoptic loci were microdissected from the brains of estrogen, progesterone-primed ovariectomized female rats injected with the glucose antimetabolite, 5-thioglucose (5-TG), or vehicle into the caudal fourth ventricle during the ascending phase of the surge, and analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography. The data show that 5- TG administration increased GABA release within the rostral preoptic area (rPO), anteroventral periventricular nucleus (AVPV), and median preoptic nucleus (MEPO), relative to the vehicle-treated controls, but did not alter neurotransmitter release in other structures evaluated. The rate of GABA turnover in each brain site was equivalent between animals injected with the mu opioid receptor antagonist CTOP and 5-TG versus their vehicle-treated controls. These results constitute novel evidence for site-specific modulation of steroid positive-feedback suppression of this inhibitory neurotransmitter by caudal hindbrain signaling of glucose insufficiency, and support the need for neurochemical characterization of glucoprivic-sensitive afferent input to GABAergic neurons terminating within the rPO, AVPV, and MEPO, as well as the relevance of enhanced local GABA release for reproductive neuroendocrine function.

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