Langmuir : the ACS journal of surfaces and colloids

Formation, characterization, and chemistry of undecanoic acid-terminated silicon surfaces: patterning and immobilization of DNA.

PMID 15595802


This paper describes a simple strategy for DNA immobilization on chemically modified and patterned silicon surfaces. The photochemical modification of hydrogen-terminated Si(111) with undecylenic acid leads to the formation of an organic monolayer covalently attached to the surface through Si-C bonds without detectable reaction of the carboxylic acid group, providing indirect support of a free radical mechanism. Chemical activation of the acid function was achieved by a simple chemical route using N-hydroxysuccinimide (NHS) in the presence of N-ethyl-N'-(3-dimethylaminopropyl) carbodiimide hydrochloride. Single strand DNA with a 5'-dodecylamine group was then coupled to the NHS-activated surface by amide bond formation. Using a previously reported chemical patterning approach, we have shown that DNA can be immobilized on silicon surfaces in spatially well-resolved domains. Methoxytetraethyleneglycolamine was used to inhibit nonspecific adsorption. The resulting DNA-modified surfaces have shown good specificity and chemical and thermal stability under hybridization conditions. The sequential reactions on the surface were monitored by ATR-FTIR, X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy, and fluorescence spectroscopy.

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