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The Journal of cell biology

Nuclear translocation of an ICA512 cytosolic fragment couples granule exocytosis and insulin expression in {beta}-cells.


PMID 15596545

Abstract

Islet cell autoantigen 512 (ICA512)/IA-2 is a receptor tyrosine phosphatase-like protein associated with the insulin secretory granules (SGs) of pancreatic beta-cells. Here, we show that exocytosis of SGs and insertion of ICA512 in the plasma membrane promotes the Ca(2+)-dependent cleavage of ICA512 cytoplasmic domain by mu-calpain. This cleavage occurs at the plasma membrane and generates an ICA512 cytosolic fragment that is targeted to the nucleus, where it binds the E3-SUMO ligase protein inhibitor of activated signal transducer and activator of transcription-y (PIASy) and up-regulates insulin expression. Accordingly, this novel pathway directly links regulated exocytosis of SGs and control of gene expression in beta-cells, whose impaired insulin production and secretion causes diabetes.